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Plumbing Services

Plumbing is the skilled trade of working with pipes, tubing and plumbing fixtures for potable water systems and the drainage of waste.

A plumber is someone who installs or repairs piping systems, plumbing fixtures and equipment such as water heaters. The plumbing industry is a basic and substantial part of every developed economy due to the need for clean water, and proper collection and transport of wastes.

Plumbing a system of pipes and fixtures installed in a building for the distribution of potable water and the removal of waterborne wastes. Plumbing is usually distinguished from water and sewage systems, in that a plumbing system serves one building, while water and sewage systems serve a group of buildings or a city.

Much of the plumbing work in populated areas (cities, towns, etc...) is regulated by government or quasi-government agencies due to the direct impact on the public's health, safety, and welfare. Plumbing installation and repair work on residences and other buildings generally must be done according to plumbing and building codes to protect the inhabitants of the buildings and to ensure safe, quality construction to future buyers. If permits are required for work, plumbing contractors typically secure them from the authorities on behalf of home or building owners.

The Importance of Plumbing
Almost every residential real estate agent will tell you that the greatest return on your investment is realized by well designed bathrooms and kitchens. This holds true with other facilities as well. The majority of persons who enter the facilities you design will eventually experience the plumbing. The impression made by your well thought out and expensive lobby may be dampened if toilet facilities are cramped and ordinary. With a little creativity and attention to details, you can continue the design impression throughout the facility.

Another point to remember... There is a good chance that we would not have the opportunity to design these facilities, and more than likely would not even be here, without the health benefits provided by well designed sanitary plumbing systems.

Fixture Locations Avoid locating plumbing fixtures at the following:

  • Exterior walls
  • Adjacent to columns
  • In front of windows
  • On walls having cross bracing


  • On column grids
  • Above Electrical rooms
  • Above sensitive areas (Operating rooms, Kitchens, etc.)
  • Above vaulted or extremely high ceilings
  • Exterior walls
  • Adjacent to columns
  • In front of windows
  • On walls having cross bracing

DO locate plumbing fixtures in these arrangements :

  • Utilize common walls and chases by setting fixtures back-to-back
  • On walls that can easily be larger than the standard 3-5/8" stud
  • Stack plumbing chases as often as possible on multi-floor buildings

Fixture Selection

  • Determine the fixture types in various areas
  • Wall mounted versus floor mounted water closets
  • Surface mounted or recessed drinking fountains
  • Determine areas where fixtures should have special color or aesthetic design

Chase Spaces
Chases will need to be incorporated into the floor plan to facilitate plumbing system piping. All plumbing fixtures will require pipe chases or at least a minimum 6" stud wall.

Equipment Rooms
Be aware that space must be allocated to house the following:

  • Pumps
  • Water heaters
  • Water treatment equipment
  • Domestic and Fire protection Water service entrance
  • Do not locate boiler rooms below occupied spaces
  • Locate main mechanical room having at least one exterior wall exposure

Roof Drainage:

  • Determine how the roof will be drained
  • Roof drains with interior piping
  • Sloped roof with perimeter gutters and downspouts

Project Information
The following information should be obtained and made available to the Plumbing Engineer :

  • Project scope
  • Codes to be followed
  • Contact information for Owner representatives and Consultants
  • Owner's standards or guidelines
  • Project schedule
  • Project Budget
  • Design team names and responsibility description
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